Arthroscopy – Purpose, Procedure & Recovery

India is witnessing a rise in orthopedic problems owing to the increased sedentary lifestyle and obesity. However, despite joint pains being troublesome and causing a lot of pain, a large population in India continues to live with it without seeking medical help. 

Knee pain is the most common joint pain in the country, followed by shoulder and hip pain. However, joint pain can affect any part of your body, from ankles to shoulders. There are several causes of joint pain: age-related osteoarthritis, auto-immune rheumatoid arthritis, or injury to the ligaments, bursae, or tendons surrounding the joint. 

So, if you are experiencing joint pain that is not improving with time and causing you loss in motion, swelling or redness, then it is time to visit a top orthopaedics hospital in Bangalore. The doctors might recommend getting an Arthroscopy surgical procedure in an orthopedic hospital, a minor surgical procedure. 

Purpose of Arthroscopy Procedure

Arthroscopy is minor surgical procedure doctors use to diagnose and treat joint problems, precisely the issues inside a joint. It is done on an outpatient basis, which means you can head home without the need to stay in the hospital overnight for observation. 

This surgery is recommended if you have an inflammation in a joint, have injured a joint, or have damaged a joint over time.

Procedure

Through several minor cuts near the troubled area, your doctor will insert a tool called an arthroscope to see how much the damage is. Arthroscopy procedures can also repair some injuries during this simple procedure.

The doctor will perform the arthroscopic surgery with the help of anesthesia. The type of anesthesia to be used depends on the type of joint and what your surgeon suspects the problem to be. They might also numb the area where they are doing the surgery. 

The doctor then will insert a particular instrument as thin as a pencil through a small incision. The incisions are one or more during the surgery on either side of the joint, with their size being a quarter of an inch. 

The arthroscope tool that they use is enabled with a light and a camera, which allows them to see inside the joint. The surgeon mostly fills up the joint with sterile fluid to widen it, making it easier to see. 

They will look inside the troubled joint, diagnose the problem and decide if you need surgery, and if yes, then of what type. If your situation requires surgery, the surgeon will insert special tools through other small incisions called portals. They will use these tools to cut, shave, grasp and anchor stitches into the bone.

After the successful surgery, they will remove the arthroscope and any other attachments, followed by closing the wounds with special tapes or stitches. 

Recovery

After the procedure is over, the patient would be taken to a recovery room, where they will rest for more than an hour. There may be some pain after the surgery in the joint, which is normal. A doctor will then prescribe pain and blood clot medications and some special exercises or even physiotherapy to ease the pain. 

The patient may need crutches, a splint, or a sling for support as they recover. There will be some minor puncture wounds where the incision was made for the tools. The non-dissolvable stitches used for the scars are often removed after a week. 

Total joint recovery takes several weeks, and it may take months to get back to normal. However, some physiotherapy or rehabilitation exercises will help in a speedy recovery. Ensure to consult the top best orthopedics in Bangalore for rehabilitation exercises to help with faster recovery and better health. 

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